|(1889-1963), Captain, 11 February, 1918; Major, 15 March, 1918; Lieutenant Colonel, 6 April, 1918; Colonel, 3 May, 1918; Major General, 12 December,1925; Lieutenant General, 14 August, 1930, and General of Infantry, 20 September, 1946.|
|Received his military education in
the Finnish Jäger Battallion in Germany 1915-1917, and in the Italian War Academy
Commander-in-Chief of the Karelian troops in the War of Independence from 12, February till 18, April; Commander of the Group Sihvo from 18, April till 16, May, 1918. General Sihvo being a highly successful soldier of Finnish origin, he was applauded in the Great Parade of the whites in Helsinki in 1918 by nationalists, who claimed that all "unnational" officers should be removed from the higher staff of the army. Sihvo gave an enthusiastic statement to the press, "It is time for the old gentlemen and for those who have served in Russia to step aside, because the organization of the army cannot be left to the men of the so-called retreat system." His relationship with Mannerheim, however, never came to a head.
Commander of the 3rd division in 1918; leader of the Aunus military expedition in 1919; Chief of the armed forces 1926-1933; General Inspector of the armed forces 1933-1938; Chief of Civil Defence 1938-1941 and 1944-1946; Commander of Anti-aircraft Defence of the headquarters 1941-1944; Commander of the armed forces 1946-1953.
Commander-in-Chief 1918 | Headquarters 1918
| Vaasa Senate | Hannes Ignatius
| Martin Wetzer | Harald Hjalmarson
| Ernst Linder | Gösta Theslöf | Jägers | St Petersburg Question | Relations with Germany | Cross of Liberty
| Eastern Karelia | Uusimaa Dragoon
Regiment | Fir Twig | Finnish Flag
| Swedish Brigade | Civil Guards | Jäger Conflict | Heikki Kekoni | Red Prisoners | Wilhelm Thesleff
| Aarne Sihvo | Rudolf Walden |
Air Force - Air Weapon | Red and White
Terrorism | Great Parade 16 May, 1918 | Åland Question | Monarchy | Mannerheim's Resignation
COURSE OF LIFE | FAMILY | TIME OF GROWTH | MILITARY CAREER | WAR OF INDEPENDENCE | REGENT 1918-1919 | CIVILIAN | DEFENCE COUNCIL | COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF 1939-1946 | PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC 1944-1946 | RETIREMENT | SPECIAL TOPICS | SEARCH