|Mannerheims family background was noble, Finnish and Swedish-speaking.|
The paternal line of the Mannerheim family had come to Sweden from the Netherlands in the 17th century and had great influence on the conditions in Finland during the first decades of autonomy. At Gustafs birth, the family was one of the best-known noble families in the country.
Mannerheims great-grandfather Carl Erik Mannerheim (1759-1837) belonged to the Anjala League, an opposition movement during the reign of Gustav III, but survived through amnesty and purchased the Louhisaari country estate in 1795. In 1805 he was chosen chairman of the Finnish Economic Society. At the beginning of Russian rule in Finland, he was chairman of the delegation accounting for matters in Finland to Tsar Alexander I, county governor and deputy chairman of the Economic Department of the Senate (a kind of Prime Minister) 1822-1826.
His father, a groom of the chamber, Count Carl Robert Mannerheim (1835-1914) was a poet, writer and industrial businessman. His businesses were not, however, successful and he drifted into bankruptcy. The Louhisaari estate was sold in 1880 to his sister Mimmi (Eva Carolina) Mannerheim and the father escaped his economic chaos to Paris. There he lead a life of an artist.
Mannerheims mother Hélène (maiden name Julin) belonged to a well-known industrial family.
Altogether there were eight siblings.
Sofia (Sophie) Mannerheim 21.12.1863-9.1.1928
Carl Mannerheim 18.3.1865-6.7.1915
Johan Mannerheim 27.12.1868-25.9.1934
Eva Sparre 30.6.1870-1957
Anna Mannerheim 4.3.1872-18.5.1886
August Mannerheim 9.11.1873-22.4.1910
Marguerite (Kissie) Gripenberg 15.10.1884-1958
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